The Country of the United States
It represents the most important economic and military power in the world, with global interests and unparalleled global reach.
The U.S. gross domestic product represents about a quarter of the world total, and its military budget is estimated to be about the same as the rest of the world’s defense spending as a whole. The country is also an important source of entertainment: American television, Hollywood movies, jazz, blues, rock and rap music are the main ingredients of world popular culture.
The United States originated in a revolution that separated it from the British Crown. The constitution, drafted in 1787, established a federal system with a division of powers that has remained unchanged in form since its inception.
Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming.
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Independence from the United States
Independence Day is celebrated on July 4th. Marked Britain’s declaration of independence in 1776.
On Independence Day
In 1775, the people of New England began to fight the British for independence. On July 2, 1776, Congress voted secretly for independence from Britain. The Declaration of Independence was first published two days later, on July 4, 1776.
The first public reading of the Declaration of Independence was July 8, 1776. Delegates began signing the Declaration of Independence on August 2, 1776. In 1870, Independence Day became an unpaid holiday for federal employees. In 1941, it became a paid holiday for them.
Celebrating Independence Day
Independence Day is a day of family celebrations with picnics and barbecues, showing great emphasis on the American tradition of political freedom.
Activities associated with the day include watermelon or hotdog eating competitions and sporting events such as baseball games, three-legged races, swimming activities and tug-of-war games.
Presidents of the United States
George Washington, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, James Monroe, John Quincy Adams, Andrew Jackson, Martin Van Buren, William Henry Harrison, John Tyler, James K. Polk, Zachary Taylor, Millard Fillmore, Franklin Pierce, James Buchanan, Abraham Lincoln, Andrew Johnson, Ulysses S. Grant, Rutherford B. Hayes, James A. Garfield, Chester A. Arthur, Benjamin Harrison, Grover Cleveland, William McKinley, Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, Woodrow Wilson, Warren G. Harding, Calvin Coolidge, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Harry S. Truman, Dwight D. Eisenhower, John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson, Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford, Jimmy Carter, Ronald Reagan, George H. W. Bush, Bill Clinton, George W. Bush, Barack Obama, Donald Trump.
United States and its Country Risk
The United States has the world’s largest economy, ahead of China. The economy grew by 2.9% in 2018, an improvement of 2.2% in 2017, and is expected to grow by 2.5% and 1.8% in 2019 and 2020. Growth in 2018 was boosted by President Donald Trump’s tax reforms, which reduced the corporate tax rate from 35% to 21%.
The United States maintained the fiscal deficit during 2018 (-5.1%) and IMF estimates project that this trend will continue (-5.6% and -5.5% in the following years). Public debt also increased in 2018 to 106.1% of GDP, and is expected to grow to 107.8% and 110% of GDP in 2019 and 2020, respectively.
The inflation rate remained stable at 2.4% during 2018 and is expected to decrease to 2.1% and 2.3% in the coming years. Customs tariffs on various products, including steel and aluminum, will be the growth of 2019.
Other risk factors include lower business investment, more expensive credit due to monetary policy adjustment by the FED, less competitive exports and increased military spending (an increase of USD 80 billion equivalent to 0.4% of GDP). High oil prices are expected to boost the energy sector.
Democratic control of the House of Representatives after the November 2018 midterm elections means that more Republican reform plans will face strong opposition. The FBI investigation into President Trump’s ties with Russia has been ongoing from 2016 to date.
The unemployment rate dropped from 4.4% to 3.8% in 2018; the IMF expects this trend to continue in 2019 and 2020 (3.5% and 3.4%, respectively). However, if discouraged workers who have left the labor market and those who have taken part-time jobs are taken into account, the unemployment rate rises to more than 10%.
Problems in the United States include ideological polarization and radicalization, growing economic and social inequality since the 1980s, high family debt (131% of gross disposable income), lower fertility rate, obsolete infrastructure, and debate over gun control after mass shootings in the United States. 2018 (Coface).
Living in the United States
If you plan to live, learn, and grow in the United States, you already have a well-known American characteristic. As an international student, you will experience many new and exciting things.
It is difficult to discuss exactly what “Living in the United States” means to everyone. American culture has been enriched by the values and belief systems of all parts of the world.
From the perspective of an international student, that diversity is precious. If your choice is to live in a completely different environment, you may be challenged with new situations every day; but if you choose to live in a part of the U.S. that resembles your home country in some way, you may find comfort in those similarities.
Having a broader learning about yourself is perhaps the most important part of your decision to travel to the United States. Once you are clear about the goal you want to achieve, you can choose to go to the most appropriate place to study, live, and grow in the United States.
As one of the world’s largest countries by total area, the United States has many different climatic zones. The climate a person will experience when visiting the United States will largely depend on the state or region they plan to travel to, as well as the specific time of year the visit is made.
Northwestern United States
The climate in the northeastern United States is characterized by warm and fairly moderate summer temperatures, although the southern tip of the region may also experience some very hot and humid days during this season. Winter temperatures vary from cold to very cold, and naturally, the further north you travel to New England, the lower the temperatures.
Midwest United States
Temperatures in the Midwestern United States can range 100 degrees or more between any summer and winter. It is not uncommon in this region to see winter temperatures drop below 0 degrees F, especially at night, but most of the time the temperatures are bearable, with high temperatures ranging from 35 to 50 degrees.
Autumn and spring temperatures in the Midwest are very moderate (50-75 degrees), making these months the best time to visit.
Southern United States
When speaking of the southern United States, there are essentially two separate regions: the central-southern and southeastern United States. Summers in the south-central United States are hot and extremely humid, with temperatures ranging from 85 to 95 degrees.
The heat is further aggravated by the sticky, suffocating humidity, and most states experience thunderstorms and heavy rains in the afternoon during the summer season. Unlike the Northeast, the Southeast experiences very mild winters, with average temperatures in the 1950s and 1960s during the day.
In general, the desert regions of the southwest, found in Arizona, Nevada, New Mexico, and even parts of California, remain relatively warm throughout the year, with winter temperatures averaging between 70 and 80 degrees.
Desert summers are extremely hot, especially in Arizona, where most mid-summer days can reach temperatures of 100 degrees or more.
Cold is often the winter norm in the northernmost states of the southwest, including Colorado and Utah. Higher elevations can see temperatures steadily drop below the freezing mark and rarely rise above 45 degrees.
Temperatures in the northwest can vary greatly depending on the season. The summer months are pleasant and warm, but rarely hot. Winters along the Pacific coast in Oregon and Washington are generally very cold and humid, with temperatures ranging from 30 to 40 years.
U.S. Country Code
The United States country code is +1 which will allow you to call the United States from another country. The US phone code +1 is dialed after the IDD. The international dialing +1 for the United States is followed by an area code.
U.S. Public Schools
The oldest public school in the United States is the Boston Latin School, opened in 1635, but America’s public schools did not begin to take off until after the American Revolution.
More than 50 million students in the United States attend public, elementary and secondary schools that are open to all students free of charge, funded and supervised by the government.
The growth of public schools in the United States provided equal educational opportunities for all American children, regardless of wealth, location, gender, or race. The number of public schools is 98,800.
Private Schools in the United States
These are the most popular private schools:
Phillips Academy, Harvard-Westlake School, Academy Phillips Exeter, Trinity School, Choate Rosemary Hall, St. Mark’s School of Texas, Lakeside School, The College Preparatory School, St. Paul’s School, The Lawrenceville School, The Lawrenceville School, Academia de Deerfield, entre otras.
Acting Schools in the United States
The 9 best known acting schools
Boston University School of Theatre, California Institute of the Arts, Carnegie Mellon University School of Drama, The Juilliard School, Drama Division, New York University, Tisch School of the Arts, SUNY Purchase Conservatory of Theatre Arts, Syracuse University School of Drama, University of Minnesota Department of Theatre Arts & Dance, University of North Carolina School of the Arts.
English Schools in the United States
- Alliant International University, Irvine, Fresno, Los Angeles, Sacramento, San Diego, San Francisco.
- American University Preparatory School, Los Angeles.
- French American International School, San Francisco.
- International School of Denver.
- The International School at Dundee, Riverside.
- The Japanese School of New York, Greenwich.
- Whitby School, Greenwich.
- British School of Washington.
- German School Washington, D.C. (DSW).
- Atlanta International School.
- Varsity International School, Honolulu.
- British International School of Chicago Lincoln Park.
- International School of Indiana, Indianapolis.
- Lycée Rochambeau, Bethesda.
Medical Schools in the United States
Harvard Medicine School, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, David Geffen School of Medicine, NYU School of Medicine, Baylor School of Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical School, The University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina Libraries, entre otras.
Military Schools in the United States
Academia Almirante Farragut – San Petersburgo, Florida, Academia Militar Americana – Guaynabo , Puerto Rico, Academia del ejército y la marina – Carlsbad, California, Preparatoria del Colegio Benedictino – Goochland, Virginia, Christian Brothers Academy – Albany, Nueva York, Academia Militar de Culver – Culver, Indiana, Academia Militar Carver – Chicago, Illinois, Academia Juvenil de Cleveland – St. Louis, Missouri, Academia Militar de Delaware – Wilmington, Delaware, y más.
Aviation Schools in the United States
The best 6 aviation schools are as follows:
Purdue University, University of North Dakota, Ohio State University, Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, Western Michigan University, San Jose State.
Why is the United States a Developed Country?
What really turned it into a developed nation are the things that happened in the last 3 centuries
Cultural Tolerance and Immersion
Americans belong to the Anglo-Saxon European race. They were foreigners when they first set foot on American soil. It took time, but tolerance of cultural differences and immersion soon became a reality for Americans in relation to other civilizations developed around the world as well: Europe, India, and China.
Since the last 237 years, America has gone through great cultural advances and race-related revolutions. There was a civil war and a civil rights movement, Lincoln passed the bill “Emancipation of the Proclamation” and after that, civil rights and gay rights. These momentary but strong movements helped change the mentality attributed to most citizens over the years.
New Technologies and Advances in Science
In the last two centuries, the U.S. saw the greatest advance in the field of science and technology. The launch of Support 11 represents the zenith of space exploration that the U.S. was able to achieve in its time compared to its contemporary countries. Advancement in the technological field used in factories and homes helped position the U.S. to the leadership position of the industrialized nation, projecting Product and GDP.
The Fast Food
Fast food culture is a major part of the American way of life. Mass production of fast but delicious foods and chains of restaurant and restaurant stores across the country and abroad drove up the employment rate and national income at home.
The advent of Cinema in America promoted the participation of Art and technology throughout the world. Hollywood brought together the brightest minds in the shortest time from different countries. With experience and knowledge at hand, it managed to produce excellent films each year and sell them to audiences around the world.
Hollywood now represents the United States. As an ambassador for culture, art and science in the world.
Integrity and the Sense of Patriotism
The greatest citizens of the United States call themselves nothing more than Americans. They have always defended the value of greater nationalism. Whether during the War of Independence or World War II, despite their differences of thought, in the end people came together.
The massive consumerism of the 20th century surpassed the limits of what the United States could consume: in resources, labor, technology, and more. Consumerism was the main reason why 80% of the world’s fuel was sold to the United States alone.
From the beginning it has always been the main importer of Chinese products. The habit of consuming raised its spending rate and produced wealth for others, which increased the U.S. share of the world economy.
On the other hand, industrialization made the United States the workplace of the world rather than Great Britain and democracy, which ensured that all its citizens could enjoy the result.
However, don’t think lightly about the latter. It cost the U.S. a bloody civil war and decades of protests to make it possible for all its citizens to enjoy the luxury of being citizens of the richest country in the world.
How to Dial or Call the United States ?
A U.S. phone number consists of 10 numbers: a three-digit area code, followed by a three-digit exchange code and a four-digit subscriber number.
Depending on where you are calling, the number of digits needed to contact someone may vary: callers within the same area code should only dial the last 7 numbers, while a caller from around the world will need an exit code, United indicates the country code, as well as the 10-digit phone number.
The international country code for the United States is +1 (001). This country code is needed every time a caller from outside the United States tries to connect with someone who has a country code number.
If you want to call a U.S. phone number from other parts of the world, you must dial the exit code for your country before the corresponding country code and phone number.
How is Christmas Celebrated in the United States ?
People celebrate Christmas Day in many ways. It is often combined with the customs of pre-Christian winter celebrations. Many people decorate their homes, visit family or friends, and exchange gifts. On the days or even weeks before Christmas Day, many people decorate their homes and gardens with lights, Christmas trees and much more.
It is common to organize a special meal, often consisting of turkey and many other festive meals, for family or friends and exchange gifts with them. Children, in particular, often receive many gifts from their parents and other relatives and the mythical figure of Santa Claus.
Many Sunday schools, churches and communities organize special events. They include decorating the neighborhood or a mall, planting a Christmas tree, and planning a Nativity show, concert, or presentation.
Many plays and songs have a Christmas theme. Some groups organize meals, shelters, or charitable projects for the homeless or those with very little money.
How to get a U.S. Visa ?
The first step you must take to initiate your visa application in the U.S. is to find out what type of visa you are allowed to enter the United States. Once you have selected the U.S. visa you wish to apply for, you must verify the requirements and begin to meet the documents that are required for that visa.
There are some documents that the U.S. embassy or consulate requires each applicant, regardless of the type of visa they wish to obtain. Be careful to have all of these documents when you submit your visa application.
The documents required for a visa application in the United States are as follows:
- An application form (DS 160 for nonimmigrant visas or DS 260 for immigrant visas)
- A passport valid for six months beyond your planned stay in the US.
- Two photographs that meet the photograph’s requirements.
- Visa fee paid to schedule an interview.
How is Hallowen Celebrated in the United States ?
Halloween night is commonly celebrated among family, friends, and sometimes co-workers. However, some areas have large community events. Parties and other events can be planned on October 31st or on the weekends before and after that date. Adults usually celebrate by watching horror movies, throwing costume parties, or creating haunted houses or cemeteries.
The vast majority of children wear costumes and visit other homes in the neighborhood. In each house, they demand sweets, snacks, or a gift. If they don’t, they threaten to harm the inhabitants of the house. This is popularly known as “trick or treat.
Some families carve lanterns with scary faces from pumpkins or other vegetables or decorate their homes and gardens the Halloween way. These were traditionally intended to scare away the evil spirits believed to be present on that day.
One cause linked to Halloween is collecting donations for the United Nations Children’s International Emergency Fund (UNICEF). While children do tricks on Halloween night, others can carry small cardboard boxes with the UNICEF logo and collect coins instead of the usual candy. The money raised is given to UNICEF and used to help children in need around the world.
Halloween is not an official party. Government offices and businesses are open as usual and public transport services operate on regular schedules as usual.
Where is it Good to Buy Online in the United States ?
The following are the 5 best options for buying on websites:
Amazon: is an American online shopping company with an international line. This company started as a business selling books, currently can opt for any purchase on it as: software, toys, video games, furniture, jewelry and endless more products. Considered one of the most used worldwide.
eBay: considered the second most used page worldwide, after Amazon. eBay has the plus that you can buy and sell various products at the same time. Preferred by many Internet users.
TiendaMIA.com: Here you can choose to buy what you want from the U.S. and is extremely reliable. The best thing about this website is that you can receive the purchase at home, pay it in cash or in installments.
Zappos: compared to the three previous stores, this website only sells shoes online. Apart from footwear, it can also include clothing and accessories for men, women and children.
Snackies and My American Market: if you are looking for American food, this wed site is the right one. They are two Spanish websites that sell all kinds of drinks such as: snacks, chocolates, sweets, soft drinks and more than 700 brands of American pastries and United Kingdom.
Where to buy cheap cell phones in the United States ?
You can find pages like Amazon, eBay and many more, where you can find phones of all kinds, in offers and a low price depending on what you’re looking for.
United States Currency
The American Dollar is the Most Used Currency in the United States ($)
Other Topics of Interest in ALPHAPEDIA
Pictures from United States
United States Coat of Arms
United States flag
Map of United States
Resumen / Summary
Título / Article Name
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
Descripción / Description
The UNITED STATES of North America: Capital, Map, Flag and Shield
Autor / Author
Juan Carlos Franco
Autor / Publisher Name
Logo / Publisher Logo