How to Smooth Walls Step by Step
- Step 1: Roll out a close-up of fast-drying plaster and seal it against stains on the walls. The first one seals the loose paper and promotes better adhesion of the joint compound.
- Step 2: Spread a coat of slightly thinned multipurpose joint compound on the walls with a heavy nap roller. Work in small sections so you can spread the compound before it dries.
- Step 3: Clean gently, smooth out the joint compound with the squeegee blade. Start at the top corner and pull down.
- Step: 3.1 Pull up from the bottom. Roll the joint compound over the bottom section and smooth it out by pulling the trowel upwards.
- Step: 3.2 Scrape off the lumps. Scrape the wall with a spatula to remove lumps and ridges. Brush the wall and you’re ready for the next layer.
- Step 4: apply one or two more layers, flatten the second layer horizontally. If you still see imperfections after the second layer dries, apply a third layer.
Smoothing Walls with Plaster
A thin coat refers to the application of a coat of finishing plaster to smooth out textured walls or cover imperfections requires the application of two coats of finishing plaster, you must wait for one to dry before adding the other, you will have better results
It is important to use the right roller for the application of the skim coat. The application process is simple: use the roller to apply the thin layer on the wall. Work in small sections at a time, for example, over an area of one square metre, so that the layer does not have time to dry before starting work.
Smoothing Walls with Roller
- Step 1: Load the roller cover with paint by dipping it about 1/2 inch and then rolling it against the screen. Filling a dry roller cover with paint will require five or six repetitions. After that, two or three dives are all you need. Let the roller almost drip with paint
- Step 2: Place the painting on the wall with a sweep. Start about one foot from the bottom and 6 inches from the corner and roll up at a slight angle with light pressure.
Stop a few inches from the ceiling. Now turn up and down toward the corner to quickly spread the paint. You can leave paint buildup and roller marks in this step. Don’t worry about a perfect job yet.
- Step 3: Reload the roller and repeat the process in the adjacent space, working toward the painted area.
- Step 4: Back up the entire area, advance over the entire area you have covered to smooth and mix the paint. Do not overload the roller with paint for this step. Use very light pressure.
Smoothing Irregular Walls
Step 1: Using an etching knife, apply a thin layer of joint compound to the wall. Allow to dry. Using a dust mask, sand lightly to level any rough spots or raised areas.
Step 2: Continue to apply thin coats of joint compound, sanding between coats. Allow to dry. Wash the wall with a sponge and warm water.
Smoothing Walls with Pladur
- Sand with light pressure along the edge of the seams and around the screws to prevent the plaster paper from coming off. Sand the center of the seams just enough to remove ridges and potholes.
- Touch up large ridges and grooves with another coat of joint compound rather than trying to sand them down. It may take some coats to fill the deep grooves.
- Go back over the walls and ceiling with a light and a sander. Wells, sanded areas and other problems with a pencil. Then go back and touch them with joint compound. Solve these points when they dry.
- Prime the walls and sand lightly after the primer dries to remove lint and lumps.
Smoothing Walls with Aguaplast
- The main thing you should do is cover the front of the floor with whatever you think is best to avoid staining it
- To apply the aforementioned aguaplast you must use a wide spatula and cover it with the product, then spread it evenly on the wall
- Let the whole wall dry and sand it so that it is completely ready for painting. If any other imperfections remain, you can re-apply a second coat of aguaplast.
Smoothing Walls with Paste
- Place a rag, an old blanket or a layer of plastic sheeting on the floor in front of your wall. It will create some leaks, so make sure you are ready for them.
- Inspect the wall carefully. If you only see intermittent flashes of wallpaper paste, you can probably remove them by washing them away. For larger pieces of wallpaper paste, mix with a 50-50 solution of fabric softener and hot water in a spray bottle. Shake the bottle vigorously. While the water is still hot, spray the paste residue with the solution. Let soak for 20 minutes.
- Remove the sticky wallpaper with a spatula. The solution should have softened the paste to the point where it immediately comes off. Otherwise, spray the wall a second time and try to lift the paste again.
- Inspect the wall, this time for scratches, cracks, or holes. Fill in any imperfections with sealing compound. Allow compound to dry.
- Sand the wall until it is smooth to the touch when you run your hand over it. Start with coarse grit sandpaper and then move to medium grit, if necessary, to achieve a flat finish.
- Vacuum the wall and surrounding area if you have created a lot of dust, then wipe the wall with a wet cloth.
- Wash the wall with warm, soapy water and a soft sponge, paying close attention to any bumps you may feel under the sponge.
- Apply two coats of a quality first to the wall, allowing the first to dry between coats. First, it literally helps to fuse the two elements together to ensure an even paint finish. When the first one is dry, you are ready to paint.
Smoothing Walls with Putty
Step1: First put the water in your bucket, then add the correct amount of dry putty mix. Only mix an amount of putty that you can use in 2 hours, because after that it will be very difficult to work with. If you’re not sure, think about mixing less now and making an extra batch later. Help keep the putty wet while working by placing a damp towel over the top of the bucket.
Step 2: Stir until completely mixed and smooth. In any case, make sure that the dry mixture is completely incorporated and that there are no lumps. The putty should have a thick consistency, but not appear dry. If you pick up a shovel with a spatula and hold it to one side, the putty should slide out in large lumps.
Step 3: Apply putty to small cracks and holes with a small spatula. Pick up some putty on the spoon and press the putty into each small crack or hole. Then scrape the putty over the area horizontally and vertically to remove excess putty
Step 4: Allow the putty to dry, then sand and clean. Allow the putty at least 4-6 hours to dry, or even 12-24 hours in humid conditions. Then smooth it out by lightly sanding it with fine sandpaper (300-400 grit) and wipe off the dust with a clean, slightly damp cloth. If the filler still looks or feels wet, wait longer before sanding.
Smoothing Walls with Cement
- Step 1: Place plastic wipes on the floor to protect it from the skimming process.
- Step 2: Lightly scrape the wall with a 6-inch drywall knife to remove any loose cement or other substances stuck to the wall.
- Step 3: Fill a 5-gallon bucket halfway with water and add the skimmed cement mixture. Mix the cement with the water using an electric drill with a stirring bit installed. Continue mixing and add the powder until it has the consistency of a thick paper paste.
- Step 4: Start at one end of the wall at the top and work down and over the wall surface. Dip the cement trowel into the bucket and fill the trowel halfway with cement. Spread the cement on the wall, using the flat side of the trowel to smooth it. Remove excess cement using the edge of the trowel in a scraping motion. Allow the coat to dry for 24 hours before painting.
Smoothing Walls with Gotele
Before starting to remove the gotele, it is important to know the finish of the wall. This finish can be done with plastic or tempera paint. To find out, you must wet the wall with a little water and observe if the water is absorbed or not.
In the case of being absorbed, the paint used for the gotelé is tempered and, otherwise, it is plastic paint. If it is tempered, the best way to remove the droplet is to use a special product for it “cubregotelé”. Thanks to this product, the wall paint is softened in a very easy way and with the help of a spatula the gotele can be removed without any problem.
In the case of the paint is plastic, the most recommended to remove the droplet is to apply a perfect product for it, as is the case of the cubregotelé. The first thing to do is to scratch the biggest lumps and then apply the product to get a completely smooth wall. You can find the cubregotelé in powder, paste or to apply with a roller.
With the help of a roller, you must spread the product evenly and wait until it is completely dry. These are the three methods you have when you completely remove the droplet with plastic paint. Once you have finished with the gotele, the next step is to soften the entire wall with a product such as aguaplast and paint it with the color that best suits the decoration of the house, apply a uniform layer of aguaplast wait for it to dry and sand it, if there are any imperfections, you can add another layer.
Smoothing Coated Walls
- Step 1: Using the power sander and a high grit sandpaper, sand the stucco as smooth as possible before applying any other products.
- Step 2: Wash the stucco wall with a water hose and let it dry before applying any product.
- Step 3: Using the roller brush, prime the stucco wall with paint primer. Roll a coat thick enough to fill most cracks and uneven spots, but not thick enough to group together.
- Step 4: Allow primer to dry overnight.
- Step 5: Apply the softener filler to the dry-primed wall with the smoothing trowel. Use side strokes to create a uniform, flat appearance. Allow the first coat to dry and then apply a second coat, using the trowel to smooth out rough, cracked or inconsistent areas.
- Step 6: Sand the wall with the power sander, using light grit sandpaper that will give the smoothing compound a smooth, polished appearance.
- Step 7: Use a cloth to remove dust from the sander and apply a final polish to the wall with the dry smoothing paddle.
Wall Smoothing Products
The most common products used for smoothing walls: Special Wooster Sherlock roller, Silverline 225816 for smoothing wallpaper, super-fine aguaplast, metal or plastic trowel, spatula, sandpaper of different sizes, sandpaper trowel or abrasive trowel, masks, putty spatulas, professional standard aguaplast, among other products
Reference Prices in Euros for Smoothing Walls
The price may vary depending on the work, but is calculated between 100-350
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Resumen / Summary
Título / Article Name
HOW TO SMOOTH WALLS Step by Step ?
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Smoothing Walls With Roller, Paste, Plaster, Putty or Cement. Learn How to Smooth Walls with Irregular Surfaces and With Gotele
Autor / Author
Juan Carlos Franco
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