What are the Goods ?
Goods are defined under the Uniform Commercial Code as those things that are movable at the time of identification of a sales contract. The term includes future goods, specially manufactured goods and unborn children of animals, crops and other identified things related to real estate. Goods are tangible things that are produced, bought or sold, and eventually consumed. Look around your home and you will see dozens of examples, from the microwave to the flat screen TV to the Nintendo Wii console.
- A production site – factory. The result of the production is stock, which can be transported and/or stored for future sale. Production costs will include the costs or raw materials and other inputs in the production process.
- Requires close liaison with suppliers
Quality can be incorporated into the product through good design and production processes designed to ensure proper quality. Quite expensive to set up. The production process must be in place and working before goods can be produced. In economics, goods can be classified in many different ways. One of the most common distinctions is based on two characteristics: excludability and rivalry.
This means that we classify goods according to whether people can be prevented from consuming them (excludability) and whether individuals can consume them without affecting their availability to other individuals (rivalry). According to these two criteria, we can classify all physical products into four different types of goods: private goods, public goods, common resources and club goods.
Private goods are products that are excludable and competitive. Public goods describe products that are neither excludable nor competing. Common resources are defined as products or resources that are not excludable, but are rivals. And, last but not least, club goods are products that are excludable but not rivals.
In conclusion, we can define goods:
In Trade: It is an inherently useful and relatively scarce tangible item (article, commodity, material, merchandise, supplies, goods) produced from agricultural, construction, manufacturing or mining activities. According to the United Nations Convention on the Contract for the International Sale of Goods, the term «good» does not include items purchased for personal use, items purchased at an auction or foreclosure sale, aircraft or ocean vessels.
In Economics: A commodity, or a physical, tangible element that satisfies some human desire or need, or something that people find useful or desirable and make an effort to acquire. Goods that are scarce (have a limited supply in relation to demand) are called economic goods, while those whose supply is unlimited and that require no payment or effort to acquire (like air) are called free goods ».
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