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What Branches of Engineering are Studied and What do They Consist of ?

Engineering is the science applied to the design, analysis and/or construction of works for practical purposes.

The broadest discipline of engineering includes specialized sub-disciplines that focus on the problems associated with the development of specific types of products or the use of specific types of technology.

Engineering is mainly divided into four branches according to their specifications and applications in different fields of science and technology.

Such as Mechanical, Electrical, Civil and Chemical Engineering.

Main Branches of the Engineering Field:

Acoustic Engineering

Engineering related to the analysis and control of vibrations, particularly sound vibrations

Aerospace Engineering

Aerospace engineering is concerned with aeronautical and astronautical engineering, including the design and analysis of aircraft, satellites and spacecraft.

Agricultural Engineering

This branch of engineering deals with agricultural machinery and structures, natural resources, bioenergy and agricultural energy systems. Subdisciplines include food engineering, aquaculture and bioprocess engineering.

Engineering of the Automotive Branch

Engineers in this area are involved in the design and manufacture of automobiles.

Biological Engineering

Biological engineering includes biomedical, protein, genetic and tissue issues.

Biomedical Engineering

Biomedical engineering applies engineering principles to medical and biological problems and systems.

Chemical Engineering

Chemical engineering (CE) applies chemistry to develop new materials and processes to turn materials into useful products.

Civil Engineer

It refers to the discipline related to the design, construction, analysis and maintenance of structures, including bridges, roads, dams and buildings.

Subdisciplines of civil engineering may include construction engineering, materials engineering, control engineering, structural engineering, urban engineering, municipal engineering, biomechanics and surveying.

Computer Engineering

Computer engineering integrates computer science with electrical engineering to develop and analyze circuits, microprocessors and computers.

Computer engineers focus on hardware, while software engineers traditionally focus on programming and design.

Electrical Engineering

It involves the study and application of electricity and electronics. Electronic engineering, optical engineering, power engineering, control engineering and telecommunication engineering are its specialities.

Power Engineering

Energy engineering is a multidisciplinary engineering field that integrates aspects of mechanical, chemical and electrical engineering to address alternative energy, energy efficiency, plant engineering, environmental compliance and related technologies.

Engineering Management

Engineering management combines engineering and management principles to develop and evaluate business practices. These engineers help plan and manage businesses from startup to operation. They are involved in product development, design engineering, construction, manufacturing and marketing.

Environmental Engineering

Environmental engineering works to prevent or remedy pollution or to maintain or improve the natural environment. This includes water, land and air resources. Related disciplines are industrial hygiene and environmental engineering law.

Industrial Engineering

Industrial engineering belongs to the design and study of logistics and industrial resources. The types of industrial engineering include safety engineering, construction engineering, manufacturing engineering, textile engineering, reliability engineering, component engineering and systems engineering.

Manufacturing Engineering

Manufacturing engineering designs, studies and develops machines, tools, manufacturing processes and equipment.

Mechanical Engineering

It is considered the mother of all engineering branches. It applies physical and material principles to the design, manufacture and analysis of mechanical systems.


Nanoengineering is the application of engineering on an enormously miniaturized or nanoscopic scale.

Nuclear Engineering

Nuclear engineering is the practical application of nuclear processes, such as those used to produce and harness nuclear energy.

Petroleum Engineering

They apply scientific principles to detect, drill and extract crude oil and natural gas. They include drilling, reservoir and production engineering.

Structural Engineering

Structural engineering belongs to the design and analysis of structures and load-bearing supports. This is a sub-discipline of civil engineering, but it also applies to other structures, such as vehicles and machinery.

Vehicle Engineering

Engineering related to the design, manufacture and operation of vehicles and their components. Branches of vehicle engineering include naval architecture, automotive engineering and aerospace engineering.

Studies in Different Academic Levels

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BRANCHES OF ENGINEERING Such as Mechanical, Electrical, Civil and Chemical.
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