What Are the Dimensions of the Athletic Track ?
The dimensions of an athletic track can have variations depending on the design of the place. Generally, an oval track is a multisport arena with dimensions that meet the requirements of other sports. However, for elite and world competitions, the International Association of Track and Field Federations sets the standard for all track and field events. A standard oval track includes at least four lanes and safety zones.
A standard athletic track is 400 meters long, with two curves and two parallel straights, whose radii are equal. Typically, the interior area of the track accommodates all throwing events and a standard 68 by 105 meter soccer field. The track comprises two semi-circles with a radius of 36.5 meters each. The semicircles are joined by two straights measuring 84.39 meters in length.
The standard oval track of 400 meters has a minimum width of 72 meters. According to the International Association of Athletics Federations, or IAAF, the standard athletics track includes an oval track with a minimum of four lanes and safety zones measuring at least 1 meter inside and outside. The lanes must be 1.22 meters wide and marked with 5 cm wide white lines.
Start of 100 meters
The 100-meter race is run on the «straight» side of the athletic track. The 100 meters are measured from the edge of the finish line to the finish line in a straight line, without a curve. According to the IAAF, the straight race has a minimum starting area of 3 meters, with a minimum deviation of 17 meters. The IAAF (International Association of Athletics Federations). It sets the standards and dimensions for athletic tracks used in elite and world competitions.
Athletics is a collection of sports competitions based on the universal human athletic skills of running, jumping and throwing. Occurring within the central space of an oval athletic track or on the track itself, the competitions that make up the events are some of the oldest sports in history and remain the central competitions of the Summer Olympic Games. Track and field events are divided into three main categories: track events (running), field events (throwing and jumping), and combined events (single-athlete decathlons held in multiple events).
What track and field events are held on the running track ?
Track and field events are used for sprints (100 m, 200 m, 400 m), medium distance races (800 m, 1500 m), long distance races (3 km, 5 km, 10 km), obstacles (110/100 m, 400 m) and relays (4×100 m, 4 x 400 m)). The athletic tracks are oval in shape. They are made this way on purpose.
Making a track and field oval allows things to be placed in the middle (other sports fields or places for other track and field events). An oval shape is also a good way to build a spectator arena. The measurements of a typical oval track, are usually, at the bottom, there is a straight track of 100 m used for short races (sprints and obstacles).
Longer races start on the oval part of the track and run part of the way around a curve. In addition to the 100m straight sprint section at the bottom, there is a 17m deceleration region and a shorter setup section before the start line. There is also a finish line.
The finish line is designed to be common to all races, and these limitations (and the desire to place other things in the middle) determine the shape of the track. An official oval track * has two straights of 84.39 m long and two semicircular ends with an inner radius of 36.50 m (more information below). An oval track is designed to have 400 m around it (using the inner lane).
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